Robert Traill (Sermons on Galatians 2:21), Works 4:168:
There is abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness through Jesus Christ, needful to save any sinner. When the Lord makes this matter to balance in the eyes of his people, and there are great discoveries made to them of the aggravations and of the multitude of their sins, this is a common wicked thought arising in their awakened consciences: can God forgive? Can God pass by so many and so great transgressions? It is a sinful thought; the plain meaning of it is, “Is there more grace in God than there is sin and guilt with me?” We were all undone if it was not so. If Christ’s righteousness was not more able to justify than the first Adam’s sin was to condemn, no man could be saved. – The grace of God shines in this way of the justification of a sinner by the righteousness of Christ, in that there is an abundance of it imparted to all them that partake of it.
Ralph Erskine (Non-Conformity to the World enjoined), Sermons 1:404-405:
They must not be conformed to the world because they are partakers of another spirit than the world: “They have not received the spirit of this world, but the spirit which is of God.” The world is led by an ill spirit to the land of darkness; whereas they are led by the good spirit to the land of uprightness. – The world is led by a poor, pitiful, low, and mean spirit, whereby they are easily put off with trifles and satisfied with shadows and vanities; but the godly are led by a noble, high, and heavenly spirit, whereby they aspire after divine and celestial things. – The world is led by a blind, ignorant, foolish spirit, whereby they are mad upon their idols; the children of God are led by a spirit of wisdom, knowledge, and understanding, whereby they are wise unto salvation. And thus the circumstances of the people of God yield all the reason in the world why they ought not to be conformed to this world.
Matthew Henry on the formation of Eve in Genesis 2:
That the woman was made of a rib out of the side of Adam; not made out of his head to rule over him, nor out of his feet to be trampled upon by him, but out of his side to be equal with him, under his arm to be protected, and near his heart to be beloved.
Ralph Erskine (Self-conceit dissected), Sermons 1:386:
The first antidote against self-conceit is, “To look well to ourselves, and our foul faces, in the glass of the holy law.” Many may vainly imagine their faces fair and clean till they come to look in a glass; and they no sooner look therein, but they see many spots and defilements which before they thought not of. So let us do here. Let us examine ourselves by the law; examine what, and how much the law requires; and how far short we come of that purity, grace, and holiness that is there required: and then you will find little cause of falling in love with your Ethiopian face, or dote upon yourselves, when you see that you are so ugly and deformed. A sight of your deformity would keep you from self-conceit. When, in the glass of the law, you see your own defiled and deformed visage and monstrous shape, you will find little cause to be enamoured with your own beauty. Men are pure in their own eyes because they do not make use of this looking glass. When the commandment came, and Paul saw himself in this glass, then sin revived, and he died to all conceit of his own purity. When you view yourself in this glass, it will make you say the quite contrary to the young man in the gospel: None of all these things have I kept from my youth.
Robert Traill (The Lord’s Prayer, John 17:24), Works 2:151:
When Christ was not only ascended into heaven, but had sent down the promise of the Father, his Holy Spirit, upon the infant Christian church, Acts 2, the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ, shone out as the sun in its strength. All believers, all preachers, all ordinances, were filled with Christ’s glory. In this gospel-temple, did every one, every thing, speak of his glory; as the word is, Ps. 29:9. All divine worship was given to him, and to God by him; all grace dispensed by him. And thus it will be until his coming again. While God hath a church on earth, it is gathered together in Christ’s name; built on Christ as the rock and foundation, 1 Cor. 3:10, 11; grows up in him, and on him, Eph. 2:20-22; 1 Pet. 2:4, 5; worships him, and the Father in him and by him; is fed and nourished by his Spirit, and the influence thereof, until that blessed state it is to be brought to at the last appearance of the great God, and our Saviour Jesus Christ, Tit. 2:13.
NaphtaliPress on the Puritan Board:
A summary of James Durham on the linkage of the ten commandments to each other via Reformation Scotland:
The connection that links the commandments together is so close that if the authority of God is despise in one, it is despised in all (James 2:10, 1 John 4:20). James Durham reflects on how the first four commandments deal with the worship, service and obedience which is due to God. It seems that the first four were written on one tablet of stone and the remaining six on the other (Deuteronomy 4:13). This would make the division into two parts (usually called two tables) something that God did from the beginning. This is supported by Christ summary of the commandments under the two main duties towards God and our neighbour. The two tables were put into the ark to emphasise the holiness of the law.
Durham makes the following points:
1. All the commandments of the second table share the same authority with the first. God spoke “all these words”. Indeed, it appears from Acts 7:38 that it was our Lord Jesus who spoke them.
2. Sins directly against the first part are greater then those against the second. It is for this reason that the first table is called the first and great commandment (Matthew 22:38).
3. In morals (if they are things of the same nature) the duties of the second table give place to the duties of the first table when they cannot be equally obeyed. This is so in the case of love to God and exercising love to our father and neighbour (Luke 14:26; Matthew 10:37). When obedience to God and obedience to our superiors cannot be consistent we are to obey God rather than man (Acts 4:19). We are to love the Lord and (comparatively) hate father and mother (Luke 14:6).
4. Note, however, that things required in the first table may for a time give place to moral duties in the second. For example, relieving or preserving our neighbour’s life when it is in danger, we may need to work on the sabbath day. This is in accordance with the “I will have mercy and not sacrifice” and “the sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath”.}
There is no other way to heaven except by way of courageous warfare. This is the way ordained by God: “And I will put enmity” (Gen. 3:15). You have chosen this way when you entered into the kingdom of Christ and placed yourself under His banner. Or on the other hand: you must either sever yourself from the covenant, as a villain walk from this ensign, and relinquish God, heaven, and everything else; or you must courageously engage in battle in order thus to conquer the devil and his cohorts, the world and all that is in it, as well as sin and all its lusts. -by Wilhelmus À Brakel